There are many types of windows that are available for homes. But homes have their own specific designs or architectural styles, and these are often the primary factors that influence the style of window design that might be useful or complementary. You cannot have the window stick out like a sore thumb on your home.
These often have to work in a way that reflects the right positions and structures reliant on house structure. For things like custom dormers in NY there is room to be flexible because these are not specific for any style. In fact, they can be incorporated in a lot of styles, which can be classical or of some earlier era or modern.
The more modern homes could use these too. The dormer window is a product of late medieval and Renaissance styles of home building or even earlier. It looks like a small bird house that is usually found sticking out of the roof and for any kind of architectural process, it might be incorporated with the correct materials.
These are not things for commercial buildings although there might be some that have them too. These are usually for homes, for bungalows and for those with two or more stories. In fact the dormer could also work as an added story to an actually one story house by letting owners have more use of the attic.
The attic space for many houses could be large enough to be another floor in the house. But this will need to have light and air going into it, necessitating the dormers. Dormer used to mean any attic space that is used as a bedroom or a related kind of room useful for humans, and not just for storing stuff.
A dormer or two on any kind of structure with any house style will not usually look out of place. That is when the materials on the roof are replicated on the window roof. The colors, the designs too should reflect what is native to the structure although some complementary or contrasting items might also work.
It all depends on your decision and the options that you have available. You will typically contact a contractor for these when they are added installs to an already existing building. Or you could have the dormers planned right along with the new construction site that you are projecting for a new home or household.
The windows of any home has to be organic to the structure. They also need the basic qualities of strength and durability which makes them less prone even to the most damaging of environmental factors. For many it is a thing which is a given because they can work with contractors.
Best practice here often involves customization. Customized items can provide more, for things like more insulation and better frameworks. The thing is to have these integrated into the system or the install so that it is something that may last longer and without constant or regular need for repairs or maintenance.